Brazil is increasingly preserving its natural resources. The Brazilian agricultural sector, for example, is one of the most sustainable in the world, with low carbon emissions.
Brazil is the second largest exporter of food in the world, using a small part of the territory for this purpose; this keeps 66,3% covered by native vegetation. Over the past few years, Brazil has been registering an increase in agricultural production without that implying a comparable increase in greenhouse gas emissions.
In fact, Brazil’s greenhouse gas emissions represent less than 3% of total emissions worldwide, making the country a model of sustainability.
Much of the world’s emissions come from the energy sector, and Brazil is one of the most sustainable countries in this segment. Renewable sources represent 46% of Brazilian energy matrix, which is 3 times more than the average for the rest of the world. In addition, the country’s electrical matrix consists of 83% renewable sources, such as, for example, biomass, wind, solar and hydropower.
Environment Minister Ricardo Salles says that Brazil can’t be held responsible for global climate change. “China represents 30% of the global emissions of greenhouse gases. The United States, 15%. Europe, 14% and India, 7%. These four regions of the planet: 66%. Brazil is responsible for 3%. We are not the major villain on the planet. Of the 3%, deforestation represents half of this total. They are blaming us because of only 1,5%”, said the Minister.
Brazil also preserves its biomes: Amazon, Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, Caatinga, Pampa and Pantanal. Brazilian biomes are important not only as natural resources in the country, but they stand out as environments of great natural wealth on the planet.
Many of these biomes are preserved in national parks, areas for environmental protection and conservation of the fauna, flora and other natural resources (rivers, lakes, rock formations).
National parks and other types of federal conservation units are protected areas in Brazil under the scope of the Ministry of the Environment. These large spaces are responsible for much of the conservation of native vegetation, biodiversity and other Brazilian natural resources. Ecotourism and scientific research, among others, are some of the benefits offered by these areas to the whole of society.
Moreover, Brazil also takes care of its indigenous lands. Currently, there are 488 regularized indigenous lands, which represent about 12.2% of the national territory, located in all biomes, with a concentration in the Legal Amazon.
According to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), Brazil harbours 247 million hectares of protected lands from environmental conservation units such as parks, forests and indigenous reserves. “It is the most extensive national land protection area in the world,” says the UNEP report.